Arizona
Population 6,479,703

Overview

Housing
Median Home Value
$165,100
Half are $99,700 - $268,600
Median Monthly Owner Costs
$1,439
With a Mortgage
Median Monthly Rent
$896
Includes Utilities
Median Year Housing Built
1988
Employment & Commute
Median Household Income
$50,000
Poverty Rate
18%
Unemployment Rate
10.4%
Average Minutes to Work
25
Education
Percent with a High School Diploma
86%
Ages 25+
Percent with a College Degree
35%
Ages 25+
Percent with a Post Grad Degree
10%
Ages 25+
Percent in Public School
93%
Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School
Demographics
Children
25%
Under 18
Young Adult Singles
18%
Ages 18-39
Middle Aged and Married
20%
Ages 40-64
Seniors
14%
Ages 65+

Arizona is a State:
The Census Bureau includes the 50 states plus DC and PR in this level of the geographic hierarchy. State lines are an obvious divide for the country because of the many laws, taxes, etc. that affect the people within its borders differently from the rest of the country. States also serve as a helpful comparison to local areas that share much of the same government.

Metro and Micro Areas

Cities

Counties

Housing

1988

Median Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

3.6%

Estimated Abandoned Homes

This estimate includes vacant housing that is not for rent, rented, for sale, sold, for seasonal/recreational/occasional use, or for migrant workers.

Number of BedroomsOccupied Housing Units

Total

None
2%
1
11%
2
26%
3
39%
4
18%
5+
4%

Owners

None
0.6%
1
3.8%
2
20.8%
3
45.4%
4
23.5%
5+
5.9%

Renters

None
4%
1
23%
2
35%
3
27%
4
9%
5+
2%
64.4%

Home Ownership PercentageOccupied Housing Units

Home Ownership Percentage Over Time

18

Price to Rent RatioOccupied Housing Units

The price to rent ratio compares home values to rental costs. Values over 20 indicate that it is likely more affordable to rent. Values under 15 indicate that it is likely more affordable to buy. Values between 15 and 20 indicate that extra judgment must be taken when making housing decisions. It is calculated as the median home value divided by the median annual contract rent (ie. rent without additional utilities).

Price to Rent Ratio Over Time

$165,100

Median Owner Occupied Home Value

Median Home Value Over Time

Owner Occupied Home Values

$1,439

Median Monthly Ownership CostsOwner Occupied Housing Units with a Mortgage

Monthly housing costs include mortgage payments, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, and condo fees. When comparing to monthly rental costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

3.5

Estimated Median Bedrooms for OwnersOwner Occupied Housing Units

Owner Occupied Homes by Number of BedroomsOwner Occupied Housing Units

None
0.6%
1
3.8%
2
20.8%
3
45.4%
4
23.5%
5+
5.9%
0.8%

Average Annual Real Estate Taxes as a Percent of Home ValueOwner Occupied Housing Units

3.3

Housing Affordability (Median Multiple)

The median multiple is the ratio of median house price by the median annual household income. In other words, how many years would it take for the median income to pay off the median home price? Higher values indicate that the incomes in the area are not high enough to warrant the higher home prices. Anything under 3 is considered affordable while higher values indicate that housing is not affordable.

Median Multiple Over Time

29%

Housing Cost Burdened Owners

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

$896

Median Monthly Rent and Utility CostsRenter Occupied Housing Units with Housing Costs

Monthly housing costs include rent and utilities. When comparing to monthly ownership costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

Median Monthly Rent and Utilities Over Time

2.7

Estimated Median Bedrooms for RentersRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of Monthly Rent Including UtilitiesRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of a Studio Apartment

Cost of a 1 Bedroom

Cost of a 2 Bedroom

Cost of a 3+ Bedroom

Rental Properties by Number of BedroomsRenter Occupied Housing Units

None
4%
1
23%
2
35%
3
27%
4
9%
5+
2%
48%

Housing Cost Burdened Renters

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

Employment

$49,774

Median Household Income

Median Household Income Over Time

Household Income

45.9

Household Income Inequality

Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient. Lower values indicate that household income is spread evenly across the income groups. Higher values indicate that one income group is much more common than others.

Household Income Inequality Over Time

18%

Poverty Rate

Poverty status uses the standards set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). If a family's total income is less than a certain threshold, every person in the family is considered to be in poverty. The threshold varies based on family size, composition, and age.

Poverty Rate Over Time

$29,567

Median Annual Individual EarningsPast 12 months for the Population Ages 16+ With Earnings

Annual Individual EarningsPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

78%

Unadjusted Gender Pay GapPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

The unadjusted gender pay gap is the median indvidiual female earnings as a percentage of male earnings. In other words, women who work in Arizona generally make around 7758% of what men do. Much of that difference is likely due to the number of hours worked (see the Full Time vs Part Time Work chart), occupations chosen (see the Employed by Occupation chart), education, and job experience. Adjusting for each of those factors to see what women with similar qualifications and jobs make compared to men is difficult, but the adjusted pay gap would be more likely to show the difference due to discrimination, difference in ability, or willingness to negotiate pay. For these reasons, differences in the gender pay shown here may be more likely to show the gender ideals in an area than the discriminatory practices. It is also worth noting that the 33% of men and 43% of women ages 16+ that did not have earnings were not included in the calculation.

10.4%

Unemployment RatePopulation Ages 16+ in the Civilian Labor Force

To classify as unemployed, people must not be in the military and must be actively looking for work (also known as the U3 measure of unemployment which is the official unemployment rate). In Arizona, 39% of the population ages 16+ are not employed, but are also not looking for work so they are not considered in the unemployment rate. See the Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Unemployment Rate Over Time

Unemployment by Education LevelCivilian Population Ages 25-64 in the Labor Force

61%

Labor Force Participation RatePopulation Ages 16+

People in the labor force include those in the armed forces as well as civilians who are employed or classified as unemployed. To classify as unemployed, people must be actively looking for work. Common people that are not considered in the labor force are students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers not currently looking for work, and institutionalized people. In Arizona, 39% of people are neither employed or looking for work.

Labor Force Participation Rate Over Time

Full Time vs Part Time WorkPopulation Ages 16-64 Who Worked in the Last 12 Months

Full-time employment is typically considered 35-40 hours per week. With the exception of health care coverage, federal law does not regulate the definition of full time employment for compensation and benefits purposes. The Affordable Care Act (ACA/Obamacare) mandates that all employees working an average of 30 or more hours per week at a large employer must be eligible for health care coverage.

Total

35+ Hours per Week
76%
15-34 Hours per Week
19%
1-14 Hours per Week
4%

Male

35+ Hours per Week
82%
15-34 Hours per Week
15%
1-14 Hours per Week
3%

Female

35+ Hours per Week
70%
15-34 Hours per Week
24%
1-14 Hours per Week
6%

Employed by IndustryFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
Normal Health care and social assistance
4%
10%
Normal Retail trade
6%
4%
Low Manufacturing
7%
2%
Normal Educational services
3%
5%
High Public administration
4%
3%
Normal Finance and insurance
3%
4%
Normal Professional, scientific, and technical services
4%
3%
Normal Construction
6%
1%
Normal Accommodation and food services
3%
3%
High Administrative, support, waste management services
3%
2%
Normal Transportation and warehousing
3%
1%
Normal Other services, except public administration
2%
2%
Normal Wholesale trade
2%
1%
Normal Real estate, rental, leasing
1%
1%
Normal Information
1%
1%
Normal Arts, entertainment, and recreation
1%
1%
Normal Utilities
1%
Normal Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
1%
Normal Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
1%
Normal Management of companies and enterprises

Employed by OccupationFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Office and administrative support
4%
11%
Normal Management
7%
5%
Normal Sales and related
6%
4%
Normal Business and financial operations
3%
3%
Normal Construction and extraction
5%
Low Production
3%
1%
Normal Education, training, and library
1%
3%
Normal Installation, maintenance, and repair
4%
Normal Health diagnosing, treating practitioners, other technical
1%
3%
Normal Food preparation and serving related
2%
2%
Normal Building, grounds cleaning, maintenance
3%
1%
Normal Computer and mathematical
3%
1%
Normal Transportation
3%
Normal Personal care and service
1%
2%
Normal Architecture and engineering
2%
Normal Healthcare support
2%
Normal Community and social service
1%
1%
Normal Law enforcement workers including supervisors
2%
Normal Health technologists and technicians
1%
1%
Normal Material moving
1%
Normal Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors
1%
Normal Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
1%
1%
Normal Legal
1%
1%
Normal Life, physical, and social science
Normal Farming, fishing, and forestry

Means Of Transportation To WorkWorkers Ages 16+

Car, truck, etc.
88.2%
Public transportation
2.0%
Taxi
0.1%
Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means
4.2%
Worked at Home
5.5%

Public Transit Usage by Poverty StatusWorkers Ages 16+

25

Average Commute Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute Time to Work Over Time

Travel Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Leaving for WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute by Time Leaving for WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Arriving at WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Education

Educational AttainmentPopulation Ages 25+

Less than High School Diploma
14%
High School Graduate
50%
Associate's degree
8%
Bachelor's degree
17%
Master's degree
7%
Professional school degree
2%
Doctorate degree
1%
86%

Percent with a High School DiplomaPopulation Ages 25+

High school diplomas include equivalencies, but do not include those who reported completing grade 12 without a diploma.

Percent with a High School Diploma Over Time

35%

Percent with a College DegreePopulation Ages 25+

College degrees include those with an Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

10%

Percent with a Post Graduate DegreePopulation Ages 25+

Post graduate degrees include those with a Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

School EnrollmentPopulation Ages 5-17

Not being enrolled in school does not necessarily mean that the student dropped out. Only schools that lead to a high school diploma or college degree are included. Home schoolers were instructed to select private school. Ages 3-4 are not included because preschool programs are not usually mandated by law and only 35% of children in this age range were enrolled in Arizona.

Enrolled in Public School
89%
Enrolled in Private School
7%
Not Enrolled in School
4%
7%

Percent Not Enrolled in SchoolPopulation Ages 16-19 without a High School Diploma

93%

Percent Enrolled in Public SchoolPopulation Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School

Demographics

6,479,703

Total Population

Total Population Over Time

Historical Population

The historical population of Arizona in each census year since 1790 is derived from census records. Historical populations are based on the present-day geographic area of Arizona and do not account for boundary changes over time. Learn more about the US population migrations and historical populations.

Total Population By Age

Life Stages

Children Under 10
14%
Children 10-17
11%
Young Adult Singles
18%
Middle Aged and Married
20%
Seniors
14%
Other
22%
14%

Children Under 10

11%

Children Ages 10-17

18%

Young Adult Singles (Ages 18-39)

20%

Middle Aged and Married (Ages 40-64)

14%

Seniors (Ages 65+)

Marital Status of MalesPopulation Ages 15+

Marital Status of FemalesPopulation Ages 15+

Household Composition

Single female/male families do not necessarily denote single parent households. Single householders living with siblings, their aging parents, or any other relatives would be included.

Married Couples
48%
Single Female Families
13%
Single Male Families
5%
Householder Living Alone
27%
Householder Living with Non-Relative
7%

Race and Ethnicity

The Office of Management Budget (OMB) and Census Bureau consider race and ethnicity as two distinct concepts. A person's race and whether they are of Hispanic origing are self reported to the Census Bureau according to which group they most closely identify. In 1997, the OMB revised the racial classification to include categories for two or more races. Because of criticism for treating these as separate questions and because many residents consider race and ethnicity to be the same, the Race and Ethnicity chart below shows those that consider themselves to be Non-Hispanic for each race with those that consider themselves Hispanic as a separate group.

Race

White
79.2%
Black
4.2%
American Indian or Alaskan
4.4%
Asian
2.8%
Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other
6.2%
Two Plus Races
3.0%

Hispanic and Latino Races

White
73.1%
Black
0.9%
American Indian and Alaskan
1.4%
Asian
0.2%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
20.5%
Two Plus Races
3.8%

Race and Ethnicity

White
57.1%
Black
3.9%
American Indian or Alaskan
4.4%
Asian
2.7%
Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other
0.1%
Two Plus Races
1.8%
Hispanic
29.7%

Hispanic and Latino Origins

Mexican
90.4%
Puerto Rican
1.8%
Cuban
0.6%
Dominican
0.2%
Central American
2.0%
South American
1.3%
Other
3.8%
55

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

The racial and ethnic diversity index measures the probability that any two people chose at random from Arizona are of different races or ethnicities where higher numbers represent more diversity. It was developed by the University of North Carolina and USA Today in 1991 and adapted in 2000 to account for differences in Census questions. It uses the same calculation methods as the Gini Index used by the Census Bureau to determine household income inequality.

Racial and Ethnic Diversity Over Time

Entity Info

PropertySourceValue
State2013 ACSAZ
Summary Level2013 ACS040 (state)
Logical Record Number2013 ACS0000001
Region2013 ACS4
Division2013 ACS8
State FIPS2013 ACS04
Name2013 ACSArizona
Functional Status Code2010 CensusA
Legal Statistical Area Description Code2010 Census00
State ANSI2010 Census01779777
Full GEOID2013 ACS04000US04
GEOID2013 ACS04
Population2010 Census6,392,017
Population2013 ACS6,479,703
Housing Units2010 Census2,844,526
Housing Units2013 ACS2,859,768
Land Area2010 Census113,594.1 square miles
Land Area2013 ACS113,593.2 square miles
Water Area2010 Census396.2 square miles
Water Area2013 ACS396.9 square miles
Population Density2013 ACS57.0 people per sq. mile
Minimum Bounding Rectangle Or Bounding Box2013 ACS[31.332177,-114.81651], [37.00426,-109.045223],
Centroid Or Center Coordinates2013 ACS34.293135113782, -111.66445039833