Valley City, Alabama
Population 9,469

Overview

Housing
Median Home Value
$79,400
Half are $54,900 - $117,900
Median Monthly Owner Costs
$879
With a Mortgage
Median Monthly Rent
$727
Includes Utilities
Median Year Housing Built
1970
Employment & Commute
Median Household Income
$34,000
Poverty Rate
20%
Unemployment Rate
12.7%
Education
Percent with a High School Diploma
79%
Ages 25+
Percent with a College Degree
20%
Ages 25+
Percent with a Post Grad Degree
4%
Ages 25+
Percent in Public School
95%
Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School
Demographics
Children
22%
Under 18
Young Adult Singles
19%
Ages 18-39
Middle Aged and Married
22%
Ages 40-64
Seniors
16%
Ages 65+

Population records for the city of Valley begin with the 1990 census. In 1990, the population was recorded as 8173. It borders Georgia. Valley is the principal city of the Valley, AL Micro Area. It is located in eastern Alabama near the Chattahoochee River. The city of Valley is the largest city in Chambers County.

Valley, AL is a Place (City):
Often referred to as cities, places can be categorized as Census Designated Places (CDP) or legal entities. The places that are legal entities provide governmental functions. CDPs have no governmental authority and exist only for statistical purposes. They are similar to legal entities in that they are a concentrated population identifiable by a name. Neither cross state lines, but may extend across county lines. A CDP may not extend into a legal entity.
Need a wider view? Valley, AL is a part of the Valley, AL Micro Area.

Housing

1970

Median Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

4.5%

Estimated Abandoned Homes

This estimate includes vacant housing that is not for rent, rented, for sale, sold, for seasonal/recreational/occasional use, or for migrant workers.

Number of BedroomsOccupied Housing Units

Total

None
3%
1
7%
2
31%
3
50%
4
8%
5+
2%

Owners

None
0.3%
1
3.4%
2
23.7%
3
60.3%
4
9.9%
5+
2.4%

Renters

None
8%
1
13%
2
45%
3
30%
4
4%
5+
0%
65.0%

Home Ownership PercentageOccupied Housing Units

15

Price to Rent RatioOccupied Housing Units

The price to rent ratio compares home values to rental costs. Values over 20 indicate that it is likely more affordable to rent. Values under 15 indicate that it is likely more affordable to buy. Values between 15 and 20 indicate that extra judgment must be taken when making housing decisions. It is calculated as the median home value divided by the median annual contract rent (ie. rent without additional utilities).

$79,400

Median Owner Occupied Home Value

Owner Occupied Home Values

$879

Median Monthly Ownership CostsOwner Occupied Housing Units with a Mortgage

Monthly housing costs include mortgage payments, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, and condo fees. When comparing to monthly rental costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

3.4

Estimated Median Bedrooms for OwnersOwner Occupied Housing Units

Owner Occupied Homes by Number of BedroomsOwner Occupied Housing Units

None
0.3%
1
3.4%
2
23.7%
3
60.3%
4
9.9%
5+
2.4%
0.3%

Average Annual Real Estate Taxes as a Percent of Home ValueOwner Occupied Housing Units

2.3

Housing Affordability (Median Multiple)

The median multiple is the ratio of median house price by the median annual household income. In other words, how many years would it take for the median income to pay off the median home price? Higher values indicate that the incomes in the area are not high enough to warrant the higher home prices. Anything under 3 is considered affordable while higher values indicate that housing is not affordable.

22%

Housing Cost Burdened Owners

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

$727

Median Monthly Rent and Utility CostsRenter Occupied Housing Units with Housing Costs

Monthly housing costs include rent and utilities. When comparing to monthly ownership costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

2.6

Estimated Median Bedrooms for RentersRenter Occupied Housing Units

Rental Properties by Number of BedroomsRenter Occupied Housing Units

None
8%
1
13%
2
45%
3
30%
4
4%
5+
0%
58%

Housing Cost Burdened Renters

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

Employment

$34,328

Median Household Income

Household Income

44.9

Household Income Inequality

Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient. Lower values indicate that household income is spread evenly across the income groups. Higher values indicate that one income group is much more common than others.

20%

Poverty Rate

Poverty status uses the standards set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). If a family's total income is less than a certain threshold, every person in the family is considered to be in poverty. The threshold varies based on family size, composition, and age.

$29,395

Median Annual Individual EarningsPast 12 months for the Population Ages 16+ With Earnings

Annual Individual EarningsPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

91%

Unadjusted Gender Pay GapPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

The unadjusted gender pay gap is the median indvidiual female earnings as a percentage of male earnings. In other words, women who work in Valley, AL generally make around 9136% of what men do. Much of that difference is likely due to the number of hours worked (see the Full Time vs Part Time Work chart), occupations chosen (see the Employed by Occupation chart), education, and job experience. Adjusting for each of those factors to see what women with similar qualifications and jobs make compared to men is difficult, but the adjusted pay gap would be more likely to show the difference due to discrimination, difference in ability, or willingness to negotiate pay. For these reasons, differences in the gender pay shown here may be more likely to show the gender ideals in an area than the discriminatory practices. It is also worth noting that the 36% of men and 54% of women ages 16+ that did not have earnings were not included in the calculation.

12.7%

Unemployment RatePopulation Ages 16+ in the Civilian Labor Force

To classify as unemployed, people must not be in the military and must be actively looking for work (also known as the U3 measure of unemployment which is the official unemployment rate). In Valley, AL, 43% of the population ages 16+ are not employed, but are also not looking for work so they are not considered in the unemployment rate. See the Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Unemployment by Education LevelCivilian Population Ages 25-64 in the Labor Force

57%

Labor Force Participation RatePopulation Ages 16+

People in the labor force include those in the armed forces as well as civilians who are employed or classified as unemployed. To classify as unemployed, people must be actively looking for work. Common people that are not considered in the labor force are students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers not currently looking for work, and institutionalized people. In Valley, AL, 43% of people are neither employed or looking for work.

Full Time vs Part Time WorkPopulation Ages 16-64 Who Worked in the Last 12 Months

Full-time employment is typically considered 35-40 hours per week. With the exception of health care coverage, federal law does not regulate the definition of full time employment for compensation and benefits purposes. The Affordable Care Act (ACA/Obamacare) mandates that all employees working an average of 30 or more hours per week at a large employer must be eligible for health care coverage.

Total

35+ Hours per Week
83%
15-34 Hours per Week
15%
1-14 Hours per Week
2%

Male

35+ Hours per Week
84%
15-34 Hours per Week
13%
1-14 Hours per Week
2%

Female

35+ Hours per Week
80%
15-34 Hours per Week
18%
1-14 Hours per Week
2%

Employed by IndustryFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Manufacturing
19%
8%
High Educational services
4%
6%
Normal Retail trade
5%
5%
High Construction
8%
1%
Low Health care and social assistance
1%
7%
Normal Public administration
3%
4%
High Administrative, support, waste management services
2%
4%
Normal Other services, except public administration
4%
1%
Low Professional, scientific, and technical services
2%
2%
Low Finance and insurance
1%
2%
Normal Information
1%
2%
Low Accommodation and food services
1%
2%
Normal Utilities
2%
Normal Real estate, rental, leasing
1%
Normal Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
1%
Low Transportation and warehousing
1%
1%
Low Wholesale trade
1%
Normal Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

Employed by OccupationFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
Normal Office and administrative support
13%
High Production
10%
3%
High Construction and extraction
9%
1%
Low Management
7%
1%
High Installation, maintenance, and repair
8%
High Business and financial operations
1%
6%
Normal Education, training, and library
3%
3%
Low Sales and related
3%
3%
High Health technologists and technicians
4%
Normal Health diagnosing, treating practitioners, other technical
1%
3%
High Material moving
3%
Normal Food preparation and serving related
3%
Normal Building, grounds cleaning, maintenance
3%
Low Transportation
2%
1%
Normal Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
2%
Normal Community and social service
1%
Normal Architecture and engineering
1%
Normal Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors
1%
Normal Law enforcement workers including supervisors
1%
Low Computer and mathematical
Low Personal care and service
Low Healthcare support
Low Legal
Normal Farming, fishing, and forestry

Means Of Transportation To WorkWorkers Ages 16+

Car, truck, etc.
98.8%
Public transportation
0.0%
Taxi
0.0%
Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means
0.5%
Worked at Home
0.6%

Travel Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Leaving for WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute by Time Leaving for WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Arriving at WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Education

Educational AttainmentPopulation Ages 25+

Less than High School Diploma
21.2%
High School Graduate
58.9%
Associate's degree
6.4%
Bachelor's degree
9.7%
Master's degree
2.9%
Professional school degree
0.5%
Doctorate degree
0.5%
79%

Percent with a High School DiplomaPopulation Ages 25+

High school diplomas include equivalencies, but do not include those who reported completing grade 12 without a diploma.

20%

Percent with a College DegreePopulation Ages 25+

College degrees include those with an Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

4%

Percent with a Post Graduate DegreePopulation Ages 25+

Post graduate degrees include those with a Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

School EnrollmentPopulation Ages 5-17

Not being enrolled in school does not necessarily mean that the student dropped out. Only schools that lead to a high school diploma or college degree are included. Home schoolers were instructed to select private school. Ages 3-4 are not included because preschool programs are not usually mandated by law and only 42% of children in this age range were enrolled in Valley, AL.

Enrolled in Public School
92%
Enrolled in Private School
5%
Not Enrolled in School
3%
11%

Percent Not Enrolled in SchoolPopulation Ages 16-19 without a High School Diploma

95%

Percent Enrolled in Public SchoolPopulation Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School

Demographics

9,469

Total Population

Historical Population

The historical population of Valley, AL in each census year since 1790 is derived from census records as well as historical state references. Learn more about the urbanization of the US and historical city populations.

Total Population By Age

Life Stages

Children Under 10
13%
Children 10-17
9%
Young Adult Singles
19%
Middle Aged and Married
22%
Seniors
16%
Other
20%
13%

Children Under 10

9%

Children Ages 10-17

19%

Young Adult Singles (Ages 18-39)

22%

Middle Aged and Married (Ages 40-64)

16%

Seniors (Ages 65+)

Marital Status of MalesPopulation Ages 15+

Marital Status of FemalesPopulation Ages 15+

Household Composition

Single female/male families do not necessarily denote single parent households. Single householders living with siblings, their aging parents, or any other relatives would be included.

Married Couples
46%
Single Female Families
17%
Single Male Families
5%
Householder Living Alone
29%
Householder Living with Non-Relative
3%

Race

White
62%
Black
35%
American Indian or Alaskan
0%
Asian
2%
Pacific Islander
0%
Other
0%
Two Plus Races
1%
48

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

The racial and ethnic diversity index measures the probability that any two people chose at random from Valley, AL are of different races or ethnicities where higher numbers represent more diversity. It was developed by the University of North Carolina and USA Today in 1991 and adapted in 2000 to account for differences in Census questions. It uses the same calculation methods as the Gini Index used by the Census Bureau to determine household income inequality.

Climate

The climate estimates use Valley, AL weather from 1971 to 2000 at the nearest official weather station which is located at WEST PO.

Average Daily Temperatures by Month (°F)

Average Monthly Precipitation (Inches)

Summer High Temps

This weather station's average summer high temps are higher than 80% of other weather stations.

Winter Low Temps

This weather station's average winter low temps are higher than 83% of other weather stations.

Precipitation Levels

This weather station's average precipitation levels are higher than 84% of other weather stations.

Entity Info

PropertySourceValue
State2013 ACSAL
Summary Level2013 ACS160 (place)
Logical Record Number2010 Census0271232
Logical Record Number2013 ACS0007544
Region2013 ACS3
Division2013 ACS6
State FIPS2013 ACS01
Place FIPS2013 ACS78204
Metro Micro Politan Statistical Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusY
New England City & Town Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusN
Name2010 CensusValley city
Name2013 ACSValley city, Alabama
Functional Status Code2010 CensusA
Legal Statistical Area Description Code2013 ACS25
State ANSI2010 Census01779775
Place ANSI2010 Census02405634
Full GEOID2013 ACS16000US0178204
GEOID2013 ACS0178204
Population2010 Census9,524
Population2013 ACS9,469
Housing Units2010 Census5,025
Housing Units2013 ACS4,708
Land Area2013 ACS11.0 square miles
Water Area2010 Census0
Population Density2013 ACS862.4 people per sq. mile
Minimum Bounding Rectangle Or Bounding Box2013 ACS[32.746375,-85.274541], [32.856479,-85.134334],
Centroid Or Center Coordinates2013 ACS32.808767848916, -85.177474015627
FIPS Place Class Code2010 CensusC1
Place Size Code2010 Census13