Salamanca City, New York
Population 5,746

Overview

Housing
Median Home Value
$63,800
Half are $44,600 - $87,300
Median Monthly Owner Costs
$786
With a Mortgage
Median Monthly Rent
$577
Includes Utilities
Median Year Housing Built
1939
Employment & Commute
Median Household Income
$30,000
Poverty Rate
27%
Unemployment Rate
12.1%
Average Minutes to Work
14
Education
Percent with a High School Diploma
85%
Ages 25+
Percent with a College Degree
20%
Ages 25+
Percent with a Post Grad Degree
4%
Ages 25+
Percent in Public School
97%
Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School
Demographics
Children
26%
Under 18
Young Adult Singles
18%
Ages 18-39
Middle Aged and Married
18%
Ages 40-64
Seniors
15%
Ages 65+

Population records for the city of Salamanca begin with the 1880 census. In 1880, the population was recorded as 2531. It is a rural city located in western New York near Allegheny Reservoir. Salamanca is one of 11 cities in Cattaraugus County.

Salamanca, NY is a Place (City):
Often referred to as cities, places can be categorized as Census Designated Places (CDP) or legal entities. The places that are legal entities provide governmental functions. CDPs have no governmental authority and exist only for statistical purposes. They are similar to legal entities in that they are a concentrated population identifiable by a name. Neither cross state lines, but may extend across county lines. A CDP may not extend into a legal entity.
Need a wider view? Salamanca, NY is a part of the Olean, NY Micro Area.

Housing

1939

Median Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

6.6%

Estimated Abandoned Homes

This estimate includes vacant housing that is not for rent, rented, for sale, sold, for seasonal/recreational/occasional use, or for migrant workers.

Number of BedroomsOccupied Housing Units

Total

None
1%
1
14%
2
21%
3
46%
4
15%
5+
4%

Owners

None
0%
1
2%
2
14%
3
56%
4
23%
5+
5%

Renters

None
3%
1
27%
2
29%
3
34%
4
6%
5+
2%
53.6%

Home Ownership PercentageOccupied Housing Units

12

Price to Rent RatioOccupied Housing Units

The price to rent ratio compares home values to rental costs. Values over 20 indicate that it is likely more affordable to rent. Values under 15 indicate that it is likely more affordable to buy. Values between 15 and 20 indicate that extra judgment must be taken when making housing decisions. It is calculated as the median home value divided by the median annual contract rent (ie. rent without additional utilities).

$63,800

Median Owner Occupied Home Value

Owner Occupied Home Values

$786

Median Monthly Ownership CostsOwner Occupied Housing Units with a Mortgage

Monthly housing costs include mortgage payments, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, and condo fees. When comparing to monthly rental costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

3.6

Estimated Median Bedrooms for OwnersOwner Occupied Housing Units

Owner Occupied Homes by Number of BedroomsOwner Occupied Housing Units

None
0%
1
2%
2
14%
3
56%
4
23%
5+
5%
1.9%

Average Annual Real Estate Taxes as a Percent of Home ValueOwner Occupied Housing Units

2.1

Housing Affordability (Median Multiple)

The median multiple is the ratio of median house price by the median annual household income. In other words, how many years would it take for the median income to pay off the median home price? Higher values indicate that the incomes in the area are not high enough to warrant the higher home prices. Anything under 3 is considered affordable while higher values indicate that housing is not affordable.

20%

Housing Cost Burdened Owners

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

$577

Median Monthly Rent and Utility CostsRenter Occupied Housing Units with Housing Costs

Monthly housing costs include rent and utilities. When comparing to monthly ownership costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

2.7

Estimated Median Bedrooms for RentersRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of Monthly Rent Including UtilitiesRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of a 1 Bedroom

Cost of a 2 Bedroom

Cost of a 3+ Bedroom

Rental Properties by Number of BedroomsRenter Occupied Housing Units

None
3%
1
27%
2
29%
3
34%
4
6%
5+
2%
45%

Housing Cost Burdened Renters

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

Employment

$30,233

Median Household Income

Household Income

44.1

Household Income Inequality

Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient. Lower values indicate that household income is spread evenly across the income groups. Higher values indicate that one income group is much more common than others.

27%

Poverty Rate

Poverty status uses the standards set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). If a family's total income is less than a certain threshold, every person in the family is considered to be in poverty. The threshold varies based on family size, composition, and age.

$20,575

Median Annual Individual EarningsPast 12 months for the Population Ages 16+ With Earnings

Annual Individual EarningsPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

76%

Unadjusted Gender Pay GapPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

The unadjusted gender pay gap is the median indvidiual female earnings as a percentage of male earnings. In other words, women who work in Salamanca, NY generally make around 7620% of what men do. Much of that difference is likely due to the number of hours worked (see the Full Time vs Part Time Work chart), occupations chosen (see the Employed by Occupation chart), education, and job experience. Adjusting for each of those factors to see what women with similar qualifications and jobs make compared to men is difficult, but the adjusted pay gap would be more likely to show the difference due to discrimination, difference in ability, or willingness to negotiate pay. For these reasons, differences in the gender pay shown here may be more likely to show the gender ideals in an area than the discriminatory practices. It is also worth noting that the 34% of men and 45% of women ages 16+ that did not have earnings were not included in the calculation.

12.1%

Unemployment RatePopulation Ages 16+ in the Civilian Labor Force

To classify as unemployed, people must not be in the military and must be actively looking for work (also known as the U3 measure of unemployment which is the official unemployment rate). In Salamanca, NY, 41% of the population ages 16+ are not employed, but are also not looking for work so they are not considered in the unemployment rate. See the Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Unemployment by Education LevelCivilian Population Ages 25-64 in the Labor Force

59%

Labor Force Participation RatePopulation Ages 16+

People in the labor force include those in the armed forces as well as civilians who are employed or classified as unemployed. To classify as unemployed, people must be actively looking for work. Common people that are not considered in the labor force are students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers not currently looking for work, and institutionalized people. In Salamanca, NY, 41% of people are neither employed or looking for work.

Full Time vs Part Time WorkPopulation Ages 16-64 Who Worked in the Last 12 Months

Full-time employment is typically considered 35-40 hours per week. With the exception of health care coverage, federal law does not regulate the definition of full time employment for compensation and benefits purposes. The Affordable Care Act (ACA/Obamacare) mandates that all employees working an average of 30 or more hours per week at a large employer must be eligible for health care coverage.

Total

35+ Hours per Week
75%
15-34 Hours per Week
21%
1-14 Hours per Week
5%

Male

35+ Hours per Week
84%
15-34 Hours per Week
12%
1-14 Hours per Week
4%

Female

35+ Hours per Week
65%
15-34 Hours per Week
30%
1-14 Hours per Week
6%

Employed by IndustryFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Arts, entertainment, and recreation
13%
7%
High Retail trade
6%
6%
Low Health care and social assistance
4%
8%
Low Manufacturing
8%
2%
High Public administration
4%
4%
High Accommodation and food services
5%
3%
Normal Educational services
4%
4%
Normal Construction
6%
Normal Transportation and warehousing
2%
1%
Low Other services, except public administration
2%
2%
Low Professional, scientific, and technical services
1%
1%
Low Finance and insurance
2%
Normal Utilities
1%
Normal Real estate, rental, leasing
1%
1%
Normal Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
1%
Low Wholesale trade
1%
Low Information
1%
Low Administrative, support, waste management services
1%

Employed by OccupationFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Sales and related
7%
6%
Low Office and administrative support
4%
8%
Low Management
4%
5%
High Building, grounds cleaning, maintenance
6%
2%
High Construction and extraction
7%
High Personal care and service
4%
2%
Normal Education, training, and library
3%
3%
Low Production
4%
1%
High Food preparation and serving related
3%
2%
Normal Installation, maintenance, and repair
4%
High Community and social service
1%
2%
Normal Transportation
3%
1%
Normal Material moving
3%
High Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors
3%
Normal Healthcare support
2%
Low Business and financial operations
1%
1%
Normal Health technologists and technicians
1%
Low Computer and mathematical
1%
Low Health diagnosing, treating practitioners, other technical
1%
Normal Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
1%
Normal Life, physical, and social science
Low Architecture and engineering
1%
Normal Farming, fishing, and forestry
Low Legal
Low Law enforcement workers including supervisors

Means Of Transportation To WorkWorkers Ages 16+

Car, truck, etc.
87.2%
Public transportation
0.5%
Taxi
1.0%
Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means
8.5%
Worked at Home
2.8%
14

Average Commute Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Travel Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Leaving for WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute by Time Leaving for WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Arriving at WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Education

Educational AttainmentPopulation Ages 25+

Less than High School Diploma
15.2%
High School Graduate
64.5%
Associate's degree
8.1%
Bachelor's degree
8.2%
Master's degree
3.4%
Professional school degree
0.5%
Doctorate degree
0.1%
85%

Percent with a High School DiplomaPopulation Ages 25+

High school diplomas include equivalencies, but do not include those who reported completing grade 12 without a diploma.

20%

Percent with a College DegreePopulation Ages 25+

College degrees include those with an Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

4%

Percent with a Post Graduate DegreePopulation Ages 25+

Post graduate degrees include those with a Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

School EnrollmentPopulation Ages 5-17

Not being enrolled in school does not necessarily mean that the student dropped out. Only schools that lead to a high school diploma or college degree are included. Home schoolers were instructed to select private school. Ages 3-4 are not included because preschool programs are not usually mandated by law and only 48% of children in this age range were enrolled in Salamanca, NY.

Enrolled in Public School
95%
Enrolled in Private School
3%
Not Enrolled in School
2%
7%

Percent Not Enrolled in SchoolPopulation Ages 16-19 without a High School Diploma

97%

Percent Enrolled in Public SchoolPopulation Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School

Demographics

5,746

Total Population

Historical Population

The historical population of Salamanca, NY in each census year since 1790 is derived from census records as well as historical state references. Learn more about the urbanization of the US and historical city populations.

Total Population By Age

Life Stages

Children Under 10
15%
Children 10-17
11%
Young Adult Singles
18%
Middle Aged and Married
18%
Seniors
15%
Other
23%
15%

Children Under 10

11%

Children Ages 10-17

18%

Young Adult Singles (Ages 18-39)

18%

Middle Aged and Married (Ages 40-64)

15%

Seniors (Ages 65+)

Marital Status of MalesPopulation Ages 15+

Marital Status of FemalesPopulation Ages 15+

Household Composition

Single female/male families do not necessarily denote single parent households. Single householders living with siblings, their aging parents, or any other relatives would be included.

Married Couples
32%
Single Female Families
17%
Single Male Families
7%
Householder Living Alone
38%
Householder Living with Non-Relative
7%

Race

White
73.1%
Black
1.7%
American Indian or Alaskan
17.6%
Asian
0.8%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
1.3%
Two Plus Races
5.5%
40

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

The racial and ethnic diversity index measures the probability that any two people chose at random from Salamanca, NY are of different races or ethnicities where higher numbers represent more diversity. It was developed by the University of North Carolina and USA Today in 1991 and adapted in 2000 to account for differences in Census questions. It uses the same calculation methods as the Gini Index used by the Census Bureau to determine household income inequality.

Climate

The climate estimates use Salamanca, NY weather from 1971 to 2000 at the nearest official weather station which is located at ALLEGANY STATE P.

Average Daily Temperatures by Month (°F)

Average Monthly Precipitation (Inches)

Summer High Temps

This weather station's average summer high temps are lower than 90% of other weather stations.

Winter Low Temps

This weather station's average winter low temps are lower than 70% of other weather stations.

Precipitation Levels

This weather station's average precipitation levels are higher than 70% of other weather stations.

Entity Info

PropertySourceValue
State2013 ACSNY
Summary Level2013 ACS160 (place)
Logical Record Number2010 Census0405217
Logical Record Number2013 ACS0025900
Region2013 ACS1
Division2013 ACS2
State FIPS2013 ACS36
Place FIPS2013 ACS64749
Metro Micro Politan Statistical Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusN
New England City & Town Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusN
Name2010 CensusSalamanca city
Name2013 ACSSalamanca city, New York
Functional Status Code2010 CensusA
Legal Statistical Area Description Code2013 ACS25
State ANSI2010 Census01779796
Place ANSI2010 Census00979450
Full GEOID2013 ACS16000US3664749
GEOID2013 ACS3664749
Population2010 Census5,815
Population2013 ACS5,746
Housing Units2010 Census2,842
Housing Units2013 ACS2,830
Land Area2013 ACS6.0 square miles
Water Area2013 ACS0.2 square miles
Population Density2013 ACS958.7 people per sq. mile
Minimum Bounding Rectangle Or Bounding Box2013 ACS[42.143656,-78.762383], [42.195541,-78.683196],
Centroid Or Center Coordinates2013 ACS42.163128841559, -78.723278136629
FIPS Place Class Code2010 CensusC5
Place Size Code2010 Census13