Lawrence City, Kansas
Population 88,921

Overview

Housing
Median Home Value
$178,500
Half are $136,300 - $246,200
Median Monthly Owner Costs
$1,461
With a Mortgage
Median Monthly Rent
$859
Includes Utilities
Median Year Housing Built
1983
Employment & Commute
Median Household Income
$46,000
Poverty Rate
22%
Unemployment Rate
7.2%
Average Minutes to Work
18
Education
Percent with a High School Diploma
95%
Ages 25+
Percent with a College Degree
60%
Ages 25+
Percent with a Post Grad Degree
26%
Ages 25+
Percent in Public School
90%
Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School
Demographics
Children
18%
Under 18
Young Adult Singles
40%
Ages 18-39
Middle Aged and Married
15%
Ages 40-64
Seniors
8%
Ages 65+

The city of Lawrence is the principal city of the Lawrence, KS Metro Area. It is located in eastern Kansas in Douglas County near the Kansas River. Lawrence is the 6th largest city in Kansas. Population records for it begin with the 1870 census. In 1870, the population was recorded as 8320. The city of Lawrence is home to the Kansas National Guard Armory Lawrence military base and Lawrence Municipal Airport.

Lawrence, KS is a Place (City):
Often referred to as cities, places can be categorized as Census Designated Places (CDP) or legal entities. The places that are legal entities provide governmental functions. CDPs have no governmental authority and exist only for statistical purposes. They are similar to legal entities in that they are a concentrated population identifiable by a name. Neither cross state lines, but may extend across county lines. A CDP may not extend into a legal entity.
Need a wider view? Lawrence, KS is a part of the Lawrence, KS Metro Area.

Housing

1983

Median Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

2.1%

Estimated Abandoned Homes

This estimate includes vacant housing that is not for rent, rented, for sale, sold, for seasonal/recreational/occasional use, or for migrant workers.

Number of BedroomsOccupied Housing Units

Total

None
3%
1
13%
2
27%
3
35%
4
17%
5+
6%

Owners

None
0%
1
1%
2
14%
3
47%
4
29%
5+
10%

Renters

None
5%
1
23%
2
38%
3
24%
4
7%
5+
3%
46.1%

Home Ownership PercentageOccupied Housing Units

Home Ownership Percentage Over Time

22

Price to Rent RatioOccupied Housing Units

The price to rent ratio compares home values to rental costs. Values over 20 indicate that it is likely more affordable to rent. Values under 15 indicate that it is likely more affordable to buy. Values between 15 and 20 indicate that extra judgment must be taken when making housing decisions. It is calculated as the median home value divided by the median annual contract rent (ie. rent without additional utilities).

Price to Rent Ratio Over Time

$178,500

Median Owner Occupied Home Value

Median Home Value Over Time

Owner Occupied Home Values

$1,461

Median Monthly Ownership CostsOwner Occupied Housing Units with a Mortgage

Monthly housing costs include mortgage payments, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, and condo fees. When comparing to monthly rental costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

3.8

Estimated Median Bedrooms for OwnersOwner Occupied Housing Units

Owner Occupied Homes by Number of BedroomsOwner Occupied Housing Units

None
0%
1
1%
2
14%
3
47%
4
29%
5+
10%
1.3%

Average Annual Real Estate Taxes as a Percent of Home ValueOwner Occupied Housing Units

3.9

Housing Affordability (Median Multiple)

The median multiple is the ratio of median house price by the median annual household income. In other words, how many years would it take for the median income to pay off the median home price? Higher values indicate that the incomes in the area are not high enough to warrant the higher home prices. Anything under 3 is considered affordable while higher values indicate that housing is not affordable.

Median Multiple Over Time

24%

Housing Cost Burdened Owners

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

$859

Median Monthly Rent and Utility CostsRenter Occupied Housing Units with Housing Costs

Monthly housing costs include rent and utilities. When comparing to monthly ownership costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

Median Monthly Rent and Utilities Over Time

2.6

Estimated Median Bedrooms for RentersRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of Monthly Rent Including UtilitiesRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of a Studio Apartment

Cost of a 1 Bedroom

Cost of a 2 Bedroom

Cost of a 3+ Bedroom

Rental Properties by Number of BedroomsRenter Occupied Housing Units

None
5%
1
23%
2
38%
3
24%
4
7%
5+
3%
54%

Housing Cost Burdened Renters

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

Employment

$45,574

Median Household Income

Median Household Income Over Time

Household Income

48.7

Household Income Inequality

Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient. Lower values indicate that household income is spread evenly across the income groups. Higher values indicate that one income group is much more common than others.

Household Income Inequality Over Time

22%

Poverty Rate

Poverty status uses the standards set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). If a family's total income is less than a certain threshold, every person in the family is considered to be in poverty. The threshold varies based on family size, composition, and age.

Poverty Rate Over Time

$18,555

Median Annual Individual EarningsPast 12 months for the Population Ages 16+ With Earnings

Annual Individual EarningsPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

76%

Unadjusted Gender Pay GapPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

The unadjusted gender pay gap is the median indvidiual female earnings as a percentage of male earnings. In other words, women who work in Lawrence, KS generally make around 7568% of what men do. Much of that difference is likely due to the number of hours worked (see the Full Time vs Part Time Work chart), occupations chosen (see the Employed by Occupation chart), education, and job experience. Adjusting for each of those factors to see what women with similar qualifications and jobs make compared to men is difficult, but the adjusted pay gap would be more likely to show the difference due to discrimination, difference in ability, or willingness to negotiate pay. For these reasons, differences in the gender pay shown here may be more likely to show the gender ideals in an area than the discriminatory practices. It is also worth noting that the 18% of men and 24% of women ages 16+ that did not have earnings were not included in the calculation.

7.2%

Unemployment RatePopulation Ages 16+ in the Civilian Labor Force

To classify as unemployed, people must not be in the military and must be actively looking for work (also known as the U3 measure of unemployment which is the official unemployment rate). In Lawrence, KS, 30% of the population ages 16+ are not employed, but are also not looking for work so they are not considered in the unemployment rate. See the Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Unemployment Rate Over Time

Unemployment by Education LevelCivilian Population Ages 25-64 in the Labor Force

70%

Labor Force Participation RatePopulation Ages 16+

People in the labor force include those in the armed forces as well as civilians who are employed or classified as unemployed. To classify as unemployed, people must be actively looking for work. Common people that are not considered in the labor force are students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers not currently looking for work, and institutionalized people. In Lawrence, KS, 30% of people are neither employed or looking for work.

Labor Force Participation Rate Over Time

Full Time vs Part Time WorkPopulation Ages 16-64 Who Worked in the Last 12 Months

Full-time employment is typically considered 35-40 hours per week. With the exception of health care coverage, federal law does not regulate the definition of full time employment for compensation and benefits purposes. The Affordable Care Act (ACA/Obamacare) mandates that all employees working an average of 30 or more hours per week at a large employer must be eligible for health care coverage.

Total

35+ Hours per Week
59%
15-34 Hours per Week
31%
1-14 Hours per Week
9%

Male

35+ Hours per Week
64%
15-34 Hours per Week
28%
1-14 Hours per Week
7%

Female

35+ Hours per Week
54%
15-34 Hours per Week
34%
1-14 Hours per Week
12%

Employed by IndustryFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Educational services
9%
10%
Normal Health care and social assistance
4%
9%
Normal Retail trade
6%
5%
Low Manufacturing
7%
3%
Normal Professional, scientific, and technical services
4%
3%
High Accommodation and food services
4%
2%
Normal Public administration
3%
3%
Normal Other services, except public administration
3%
2%
High Information
2%
2%
Normal Administrative, support, waste management services
3%
2%
Low Finance and insurance
2%
2%
Low Construction
3%
High Arts, entertainment, and recreation
2%
1%
Normal Real estate, rental, leasing
1%
1%
Low Transportation and warehousing
1%
Low Wholesale trade
1%
Normal Utilities
Normal Management of companies and enterprises
Low Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
Normal Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

Employed by OccupationFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
Normal Office and administrative support
5%
8%
Normal Management
7%
5%
High Education, training, and library
6%
6%
Low Sales and related
5%
4%
Normal Business and financial operations
3%
3%
Normal Health diagnosing, treating practitioners, other technical
2%
3%
High Food preparation and serving related
3%
2%
Low Production
3%
1%
Normal Computer and mathematical
3%
1%
High Community and social service
1%
2%
Normal Personal care and service
1%
2%
Low Construction and extraction
3%
High Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
2%
1%
Low Installation, maintenance, and repair
3%
High Life, physical, and social science
1%
1%
High Legal
2%
1%
Normal Building, grounds cleaning, maintenance
2%
1%
Normal Architecture and engineering
2%
1%
Normal Material moving
1%
Low Transportation
1%
Normal Health technologists and technicians
1%
Low Healthcare support
1%
Normal Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors
1%
Normal Law enforcement workers including supervisors
1%
Normal Farming, fishing, and forestry

Means Of Transportation To WorkWorkers Ages 16+

Car, truck, etc.
85.7%
Public transportation
2.3%
Taxi
0.1%
Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means
7.9%
Worked at Home
3.9%

Public Transit Usage by Poverty StatusWorkers Ages 16+

18

Average Commute Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Travel Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Leaving for WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute by Time Leaving for WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Arriving at WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Education

Educational AttainmentPopulation Ages 25+

Less than High School Diploma
5%
High School Graduate
36%
Associate's degree
6%
Bachelor's degree
28%
Master's degree
16%
Professional school degree
4%
Doctorate degree
6%
95%

Percent with a High School DiplomaPopulation Ages 25+

High school diplomas include equivalencies, but do not include those who reported completing grade 12 without a diploma.

60%

Percent with a College DegreePopulation Ages 25+

College degrees include those with an Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

26%

Percent with a Post Graduate DegreePopulation Ages 25+

Post graduate degrees include those with a Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

School EnrollmentPopulation Ages 5-17

Not being enrolled in school does not necessarily mean that the student dropped out. Only schools that lead to a high school diploma or college degree are included. Home schoolers were instructed to select private school. Ages 3-4 are not included because preschool programs are not usually mandated by law and only 62% of children in this age range were enrolled in Lawrence, KS.

Enrolled in Public School
88%
Enrolled in Private School
10%
Not Enrolled in School
2%
1%

Percent Not Enrolled in SchoolPopulation Ages 16-19 without a High School Diploma

90%

Percent Enrolled in Public SchoolPopulation Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School

Demographics

88,921

Total Population

Total Population Over Time

Historical Population

The historical population of Lawrence, KS in each census year since 1790 is derived from census records as well as historical state references. Learn more about the urbanization of the US and historical city populations.

Total Population By Age

Life Stages

Children Under 10
10%
Children 10-17
8%
Young Adult Singles
40%
Middle Aged and Married
15%
Seniors
8%
Other
19%
10%

Children Under 10

8%

Children Ages 10-17

40%

Young Adult Singles (Ages 18-39)

15%

Middle Aged and Married (Ages 40-64)

8%

Seniors (Ages 65+)

Marital Status of MalesPopulation Ages 15+

Marital Status of FemalesPopulation Ages 15+

Household Composition

Single female/male families do not necessarily denote single parent households. Single householders living with siblings, their aging parents, or any other relatives would be included.

Married Couples
37%
Single Female Families
9%
Single Male Families
4%
Householder Living Alone
30%
Householder Living with Non-Relative
20%

Race and Ethnicity

The Office of Management Budget (OMB) and Census Bureau consider race and ethnicity as two distinct concepts. A person's race and whether they are of Hispanic origing are self reported to the Census Bureau according to which group they most closely identify. In 1997, the OMB revised the racial classification to include categories for two or more races. Because of criticism for treating these as separate questions and because many residents consider race and ethnicity to be the same, the Race and Ethnicity chart below shows those that consider themselves to be Non-Hispanic for each race with those that consider themselves Hispanic as a separate group.

Race

White
82.4%
Black
4.4%
American Indian or Alaskan
2.5%
Asian
5.0%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
0.7%
Two Plus Races
5.0%

Hispanic and Latino Races

White
71.4%
Black
3.3%
American Indian and Alaskan
1.1%
Asian
0.1%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
8.4%
Two Plus Races
15.7%

Race and Ethnicity

White
77.9%
Black
4.2%
American Indian or Alaskan
2.5%
Asian
5.0%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
0.1%
Two Plus Races
4.0%
Hispanic
6.3%

Hispanic and Latino Origins

Mexican
74%
Puerto Rican
8%
Cuban
3%
Dominican
0%
Central American
4%
South American
5%
Other
6%
32

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

The racial and ethnic diversity index measures the probability that any two people chose at random from Lawrence, KS are of different races or ethnicities where higher numbers represent more diversity. It was developed by the University of North Carolina and USA Today in 1991 and adapted in 2000 to account for differences in Census questions. It uses the same calculation methods as the Gini Index used by the Census Bureau to determine household income inequality.

Climate

The climate estimates use Lawrence, KS weather from 1971 to 2000 at the nearest official weather station which is located at LAWRE.

Average Daily Temperatures by Month (°F)

Average Monthly Precipitation (Inches)

Summer High Temps

This weather station's average summer high temps are higher than 72% of other weather stations.

Winter Low Temps

This weather station's average winter low temps are higher than 54% of other weather stations.

Precipitation Levels

This weather station's average precipitation levels are higher than 59% of other weather stations.

Entity Info

PropertySourceValue
State2013 ACSKS
Summary Level2013 ACS160 (place)
Logical Record Number2010 Census0255985
Logical Record Number2013 ACS0007953
Region2013 ACS2
Division2013 ACS4
State FIPS2013 ACS20
Place FIPS2013 ACS38900
Metro Micro Politan Statistical Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusY
New England City & Town Area Principal City Indicator2010 CensusN
Name2010 CensusLawrence city
Name2013 ACSLawrence city, Kansas
Functional Status Code2010 CensusA
Legal Statistical Area Description Code2013 ACS25
State ANSI2010 Census00481813
Place ANSI2010 Census00485609
Full GEOID2013 ACS16000US2038900
GEOID2013 ACS2038900
Population2010 Census87,643
Population2013 ACS88,921
Housing Units2010 Census37,502
Housing Units2013 ACS37,342
Land Area2010 Census33.6 square miles
Land Area2013 ACS33.7 square miles
Water Area2013 ACS0.7 square miles
Population Density2013 ACS2,636.3 people per sq. mile
Minimum Bounding Rectangle Or Bounding Box2013 ACS[38.904502,-95.344737], [39.033601,-95.166582],
Centroid Or Center Coordinates2013 ACS38.960069782568, -95.263033847701
FIPS Place Class Code2010 CensusC5
Place Size Code2010 Census17