Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI CSA
Population 525,305

Overview

Housing
Median Home Value
$119,500
Half are $75,700 - $179,400
Median Monthly Owner Costs
$1,205
With a Mortgage
Median Monthly Rent
$690
Includes Utilities
Median Year Housing Built
1970
Employment & Commute
Median Household Income
$44,000
Poverty Rate
19%
Unemployment Rate
12.2%
Average Minutes to Work
21
Education
Percent with a High School Diploma
89%
Ages 25+
Percent with a College Degree
34%
Ages 25+
Percent with a Post Grad Degree
10%
Ages 25+
Percent in Public School
92%
Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School
Demographics
Children
24%
Under 18
Young Adult Singles
19%
Ages 18-39
Middle Aged and Married
22%
Ages 40-64
Seniors
14%
Ages 65+

Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI is a CSA:
Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) consist of two or more adjacent metro- or micropolitan areas (CBSAs) that have substantial employment interchange. They can, and often do, cross state lines. They provide a very broad overview of the nation's 166 largest economic hubs.
Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI is a combined statistical area of the following core based statistical areas.

Housing

1970

Median Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

Year Housing was BuiltAll Housing Including Owner/Renter Occupied and Unoccupied

4.4%

Estimated Abandoned Homes

This estimate includes vacant housing that is not for rent, rented, for sale, sold, for seasonal/recreational/occasional use, or for migrant workers.

Number of BedroomsOccupied Housing Units

Total

None
1%
1
10%
2
26%
3
42%
4
16%
5+
4%

Owners

None
0.1%
1
1.8%
2
20.4%
3
51.8%
4
20.3%
5+
5.6%

Renters

None
3%
1
28%
2
39%
3
21%
4
6%
5+
2%
69.1%

Home Ownership PercentageOccupied Housing Units

17

Price to Rent RatioOccupied Housing Units

The price to rent ratio compares home values to rental costs. Values over 20 indicate that it is likely more affordable to rent. Values under 15 indicate that it is likely more affordable to buy. Values between 15 and 20 indicate that extra judgment must be taken when making housing decisions. It is calculated as the median home value divided by the median annual contract rent (ie. rent without additional utilities).

$119,500

Median Owner Occupied Home Value

Owner Occupied Home Values

$1,205

Median Monthly Ownership CostsOwner Occupied Housing Units with a Mortgage

Monthly housing costs include mortgage payments, real estate taxes, insurance, utilities, and condo fees. When comparing to monthly rental costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

3.5

Estimated Median Bedrooms for OwnersOwner Occupied Housing Units

Owner Occupied Homes by Number of BedroomsOwner Occupied Housing Units

None
0.1%
1
1.8%
2
20.4%
3
51.8%
4
20.3%
5+
5.6%
1.5%

Average Annual Real Estate Taxes as a Percent of Home ValueOwner Occupied Housing Units

2.7

Housing Affordability (Median Multiple)

The median multiple is the ratio of median house price by the median annual household income. In other words, how many years would it take for the median income to pay off the median home price? Higher values indicate that the incomes in the area are not high enough to warrant the higher home prices. Anything under 3 is considered affordable while higher values indicate that housing is not affordable.

26%

Housing Cost Burdened Owners

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

$690

Median Monthly Rent and Utility CostsRenter Occupied Housing Units with Housing Costs

Monthly housing costs include rent and utilities. When comparing to monthly ownership costs, be careful to also look at the median number of bedrooms. Owner occupied homes generally include more bedrooms than rentals.

2.5

Estimated Median Bedrooms for RentersRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of Monthly Rent Including UtilitiesRenter Occupied Housing Units

Cost of a Studio Apartment

Cost of a 1 Bedroom

Cost of a 2 Bedroom

Cost of a 3+ Bedroom

Rental Properties by Number of BedroomsRenter Occupied Housing Units

None
3%
1
28%
2
39%
3
21%
4
6%
5+
2%
51%

Housing Cost Burdened Renters

Federally subsidized housing programs set the maximum affordable housing cost at 30% of income. This threshold has become a measure of housing affordability and is intended to make sure that households have enough money to for other needs including food, clothing, transportation, etc. Anyone spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered house burdened because it becomes difficult to afford many of the other necessities of living.

Employment

$44,416

Median Household Income

Household Income

45.8

Household Income Inequality

Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient. Lower values indicate that household income is spread evenly across the income groups. Higher values indicate that one income group is much more common than others.

19%

Poverty Rate

Poverty status uses the standards set by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). If a family's total income is less than a certain threshold, every person in the family is considered to be in poverty. The threshold varies based on family size, composition, and age.

$25,288

Median Annual Individual EarningsPast 12 months for the Population Ages 16+ With Earnings

Annual Individual EarningsPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

68%

Unadjusted Gender Pay GapPopulation Ages 16+ with Earnings

The unadjusted gender pay gap is the median indvidiual female earnings as a percentage of male earnings. In other words, women who work in Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI generally make around 6753% of what men do. Much of that difference is likely due to the number of hours worked (see the Full Time vs Part Time Work chart), occupations chosen (see the Employed by Occupation chart), education, and job experience. Adjusting for each of those factors to see what women with similar qualifications and jobs make compared to men is difficult, but the adjusted pay gap would be more likely to show the difference due to discrimination, difference in ability, or willingness to negotiate pay. For these reasons, differences in the gender pay shown here may be more likely to show the gender ideals in an area than the discriminatory practices. It is also worth noting that the 32% of men and 39% of women ages 16+ that did not have earnings were not included in the calculation.

12.2%

Unemployment RatePopulation Ages 16+ in the Civilian Labor Force

To classify as unemployed, people must not be in the military and must be actively looking for work (also known as the U3 measure of unemployment which is the official unemployment rate). In Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI, 37% of the population ages 16+ are not employed, but are also not looking for work so they are not considered in the unemployment rate. See the Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Unemployment by Education LevelCivilian Population Ages 25-64 in the Labor Force

63%

Labor Force Participation RatePopulation Ages 16+

People in the labor force include those in the armed forces as well as civilians who are employed or classified as unemployed. To classify as unemployed, people must be actively looking for work. Common people that are not considered in the labor force are students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers not currently looking for work, and institutionalized people. In Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI, 37% of people are neither employed or looking for work.

Full Time vs Part Time WorkPopulation Ages 16-64 Who Worked in the Last 12 Months

Full-time employment is typically considered 35-40 hours per week. With the exception of health care coverage, federal law does not regulate the definition of full time employment for compensation and benefits purposes. The Affordable Care Act (ACA/Obamacare) mandates that all employees working an average of 30 or more hours per week at a large employer must be eligible for health care coverage.

Total

35+ Hours per Week
72%
15-34 Hours per Week
22%
1-14 Hours per Week
6%

Male

35+ Hours per Week
79%
15-34 Hours per Week
16%
1-14 Hours per Week
4%

Female

35+ Hours per Week
63%
15-34 Hours per Week
29%
1-14 Hours per Week
8%

Employed by IndustryFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
High Manufacturing
18%
8%
High Health care and social assistance
4%
11%
Normal Retail trade
5%
5%
Normal Educational services
3%
5%
Low Finance and insurance
2%
3%
Low Professional, scientific, and technical services
2%
2%
Low Public administration
2%
2%
Normal Other services, except public administration
2%
2%
Normal Accommodation and food services
2%
2%
Low Construction
4%
Normal Transportation and warehousing
3%
1%
Normal Administrative, support, waste management services
2%
1%
Normal Wholesale trade
2%
1%
Normal Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
2%
Normal Real estate, rental, leasing
1%
1%
Normal Arts, entertainment, and recreation
1%
Low Information
1%
Normal Utilities
1%
Normal Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
Normal Management of companies and enterprises

Employed by OccupationFull-time, Year-Round Civilians Ages 16+

Male
Female
Compared to US Avg
Normal Office and administrative support
3%
9%
High Production
9%
4%
Normal Management
8%
4%
Normal Sales and related
5%
4%
Normal Education, training, and library
2%
3%
Normal Business and financial operations
2%
3%
Normal Health diagnosing, treating practitioners, other technical
1%
3%
Normal Installation, maintenance, and repair
4%
Low Construction and extraction
3%
Normal Transportation
3%
Normal Food preparation and serving related
2%
1%
Normal Building, grounds cleaning, maintenance
2%
1%
Normal Material moving
2%
1%
Normal Personal care and service
1%
2%
Normal Architecture and engineering
2%
Normal Healthcare support
1%
2%
Low Computer and mathematical
1%
1%
Normal Community and social service
1%
1%
Normal Health technologists and technicians
1%
Normal Life, physical, and social science
1%
1%
Normal Farming, fishing, and forestry
1%
Normal Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
1%
Normal Law enforcement workers including supervisors
1%
Normal Legal
Normal Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors

Means Of Transportation To WorkWorkers Ages 16+

Car, truck, etc.
91.7%
Public transportation
0.8%
Taxi
0.0%
Bicycle, Walked, or Other Means
4.1%
Worked at Home
3.3%

Public Transit Usage by Poverty StatusWorkers Ages 16+

21

Average Commute Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Travel Time to WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Leaving for WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Average Commute by Time Leaving for WorkIn Minutes for Workers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Time Arriving at WorkWorkers Ages 16+ Who Did Not Work at Home

Education

Educational AttainmentPopulation Ages 25+

Less than High School Diploma
11%
High School Graduate
55%
Associate's degree
9%
Bachelor's degree
16%
Master's degree
7%
Professional school degree
1%
Doctorate degree
1%
89%

Percent with a High School DiplomaPopulation Ages 25+

High school diplomas include equivalencies, but do not include those who reported completing grade 12 without a diploma.

34%

Percent with a College DegreePopulation Ages 25+

College degrees include those with an Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

10%

Percent with a Post Graduate DegreePopulation Ages 25+

Post graduate degrees include those with a Master's, Professional school, or Doctorate degree.

School EnrollmentPopulation Ages 5-17

Not being enrolled in school does not necessarily mean that the student dropped out. Only schools that lead to a high school diploma or college degree are included. Home schoolers were instructed to select private school. Ages 3-4 are not included because preschool programs are not usually mandated by law and only 43% of children in this age range were enrolled in Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI.

Enrolled in Public School
89%
Enrolled in Private School
8%
Not Enrolled in School
3%
4%

Percent Not Enrolled in SchoolPopulation Ages 16-19 without a High School Diploma

92%

Percent Enrolled in Public SchoolPopulation Ages 5-17 Enrolled in School

Demographics

525,305

Total Population

Total Population By Age

Life Stages

Children Under 10
13%
Children 10-17
11%
Young Adult Singles
19%
Middle Aged and Married
22%
Seniors
14%
Other
22%
13%

Children Under 10

11%

Children Ages 10-17

19%

Young Adult Singles (Ages 18-39)

22%

Middle Aged and Married (Ages 40-64)

14%

Seniors (Ages 65+)

Marital Status of MalesPopulation Ages 15+

Marital Status of FemalesPopulation Ages 15+

Household Composition

Single female/male families do not necessarily denote single parent households. Single householders living with siblings, their aging parents, or any other relatives would be included.

Married Couples
47%
Single Female Families
12%
Single Male Families
5%
Householder Living Alone
29%
Householder Living with Non-Relative
7%

Race and Ethnicity

The Office of Management Budget (OMB) and Census Bureau consider race and ethnicity as two distinct concepts. A person's race and whether they are of Hispanic origing are self reported to the Census Bureau according to which group they most closely identify. In 1997, the OMB revised the racial classification to include categories for two or more races. Because of criticism for treating these as separate questions and because many residents consider race and ethnicity to be the same, the Race and Ethnicity chart below shows those that consider themselves to be Non-Hispanic for each race with those that consider themselves Hispanic as a separate group.

Race

White
84.5%
Black
9.1%
American Indian or Alaskan
0.5%
Asian
1.7%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
1.2%
Two Plus Races
2.9%

Hispanic and Latino Races

White
66.5%
Black
4.3%
American Indian and Alaskan
1.3%
Asian
0.2%
Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other
20.6%
Two Plus Races
6.9%

Race and Ethnicity

White
80.8%
Black
8.8%
American Indian or Alaskan
0.5%
Asian
1.7%
Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other
0.1%
Two Plus Races
2.5%
Hispanic
5.5%

Hispanic and Latino Origins

Mexican
80%
Puerto Rican
6%
Cuban
3%
Dominican
2%
Central American
2%
South American
3%
Other
5%
30

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

The racial and ethnic diversity index measures the probability that any two people chose at random from Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI are of different races or ethnicities where higher numbers represent more diversity. It was developed by the University of North Carolina and USA Today in 1991 and adapted in 2000 to account for differences in Census questions. It uses the same calculation methods as the Gini Index used by the Census Bureau to determine household income inequality.

Entity Info

PropertySourceValue
State2013 ACSUS
Summary Level2013 ACScsa
Logical Record Number2013 ACS0006352
Combined Statistical Area2013 ACS310
Name2013 ACSKalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI CSA
Full GEOID2013 ACS33000US310
GEOID2013 ACS310
Population2013 ACS525,305
Housing Units2013 ACS235,157
Land Area2013 ACS2,376.8 square miles
Water Area2013 ACS532.8 square miles
Population Density2013 ACS221.0 people per sq. mile
Minimum Bounding Rectangle Or Bounding Box2013 ACS[41.759049,-86.364770604988], [42.422182,-84.709556],
Centroid Or Center Coordinates2013 ACS42.176964703852, -85.500272219536